TITLES TO THE SOIL.
Original Land Titles in Maine. — Land Titles in Oxford County
with Areas of Territory Granted and Sold prior to 1820.
A brief sketch of the land titles in Maine upon which all our
rights in real estate are based, though not belonging especially to
the history of Paris, may not be without interest in this connection.
These titles are of four kinds, viz. : Crown grants and grants from
Lords proprietors, Indian grants or titles. Province grants and
Province sales. The titles in York, Cumberland and Lincoln coun-
ties with a considerable portion of Kennebec, are almost wholh’ of
the two former classes ; those in Oxford county are entirely of the
two latter. The following are the Province grants in this county,
as originally organized, made either for military service in the French
and Indian wars, or in lieu of grants made of what proved to be
New Hampshire lands, either for military or other service, or to
insure their settlement :
Town. acres. Grantees, &c.
grant to Gen. Joseph Frye for military services.
to Alex Shepard, Jr., for sm-veyingpub. lands.
Phipps Canada ; in lieu of a former grant.
military service at Port Royal.
Capt. Lovewell and company.
Joshua Fuller et als., in lieu of former grant.
Sylvester Canada ; in lieu of former grant.
grant to citizens of Concord, N. H.
Canada township, in lieu of former grant.
The following are the Province sales of townships and parts of
townships in Oxford county, and the grants to academies which soon
came into proprietors hands :
Hebron & Oxford
Jay & Canton,
Lovell & Sweden.
HISTORY OF PARIS.
S. W. Johnson and others.
Joseph Holt and others.
T. Cutler and others.
Abijah Buck and others.
S. Wetmore and J. Abbott.
Eryeburg Academy, &c.
Phillips Academy, &c.
Peleg Wadsworth and others.
Joel Parkhurst and others.
J. Holman and others.
Lee, Rust and Cummings.*
J. Thompson and others.
J. Hill and others.
Dummer and Gorham Academies,
T. Russell, Jr.
Bradley & Eastman’s,
Eryeburg Academy Grant,
” West Surplus,
S. Johnson and others.
A. No. 1,
A. No. 2,
J. J. Holmes.
Hounsfleld & Davis.
Ann S. Davis.
No. 1, R 1,
” 2, ”
” 3, ”
” 3, ”
W. & G. Gilbert.
” 3, ”
E. Blake, Jr.
u 4^ u
Dunlap and Grant.
u u ,
*Rust and Cummings purchased of the Province.
HISTORY OF PARIS.
iXo. 1, R3, (Upton),
^0. 5, R 2,
Nine Islands w
Sundry small gr
Huntington and Pitkin.
Monmouth Free School.
The areas of towns in acres as here given, are taken from the
returns of surveys, in the office of the Secretary of State in Boston,
for all the transfers here mentioned were made prior to the separa-
tion of Maine from Massachusetts in 1820. In man}’ cases, the
actual number of acres is considerabh^ greater than these returns
show. In the case of Paris, for instance, the area in acres as
returned, was 23,971, while the town as originally laid out contained
more than 30,000 acres. An important allowance was always made
in surveying for ponds and rivers, often for poor land, and for the
“swag” of the four rod chain. A township of six miles square, the
usually limited size of early grants, would contain 23,040 acres, but
grantees were always greedy and sometimes unscrupulous, while the
government was generally lenient where the prescribed limits were
not exceeded by more than one-fourth or one-third. The grant of
Sudbur}’, Canada (Bethel) was for a township six and one-half miles
square, but to take in as much of the Androscoggin as possible with
its choice bottom lands, the length of the town was made twelve or